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Ilex aquifolium the family of Aquifoliaceae trees, this is came from western Europe and southern Europe and may also be found in northwest Africa and southwest Asia. It is also known as Holly, European holly, Christmas holly or Mexican holly.
English holly is a hardy, evergreen tree, growing 10-25 m tall with a trunk diameter of 40-80 cm, and a smooth gray bark. The glossy leaves on this tree has a low branches that are variable in shape, 5-12 cm long, 2-6 cm broad, with a sharp spines on both side of the tree that is pointing up and downward. The leaves on higher branches of older tree are often entire with few or no spines, except for the tip. The dioecious, four-lobed flower are white, and are pollinated by bees, with berries emerge only on female tree. The fruit is a red drupe, 6-10 mm in diameter, with four pits, maturing in autumn. The fruit is hard and bitter due to the allicin content, and the birds will only eat it in late winter after the frost has soften it and make it palatable. The spiny leaves protect the birds from predators while allowing them to feed on the red berries.
English holly is often associated with christmas, and makes an ideal festive decoration, along with its bright red berries. It can also planted as a hedge. The dense spiky foliage makes it a perfect home security system. Asimina triloba (Common pawpaw) is a deciduous tree in the family Annonaceae. It is native to eastern North America. It is also known as Pawpaw, papaw, Poor Man’s Banana, Prairie banana, Hoosier Banana or Indiana Banana.
Common pawpaw is a medium-growth tree, growing up to 11 m tall, with a trunk diameter of 20-30 cm. The drooping, deciduous, dark green leaves are spirally-arranged, broad lanceolate, 15-30 cm long, entire margin with an acute tip. The leaves turn yellow and begin to fall in mid-autumn, and appear again in late spring after the tree has bloomed.
In spring, upside-down, dark red, velvety flowers, are borne in the axils of the previous year’s leaves. Depending on variety, latitude and climatic conditions, the normal blooming period consists of about 6 weeks. Each flower has 3 sepals and 6 tepals, 2-5 cm diameter, and several ovaries which tell us on how a single flower can possibly produce multiple fruits. The fetid-smelled flowers have both male and female reproductive parts, but they are not self-pollinating, thus require cross-pollination from another cultivar. Cultivar Overleese, Mary Johnson, Sunflower and The Two are four cultivars that are available in the US. The plants should be planted as far apart as possible for best result. Pollination is done by flies and beetles.
The fruit of Common pawpaw is the largest edible fruit in North America, and often occur as clusters of 2-9 individual fruits. The fruit is 5-15 cm long, containing 10-14 dark brown to black seeds that are arranged in two rows. The seeds are shaped like lima beans, 15-25 mm diameter. The larger fruit will appear plump, similar to the mango. Ripe fruits are thin-skinned, soft, yields easily to a gentle squeeze, and have a sweet fragrance of this tree. The fruit has a creamy custard-like texture like a banana. The fruit is easily spoilt and can only stores well frozen or made into jelly.
Propagation is by seeds. Young plants are sensitive to full sunlight and require filtered sun for the first year or two. Once established, it will thrives in full sun. The plant grows well in deep, fertile, moist and well-drained soil. Common pawpaw will start to bear fruit once it. Alexander palm (Archontophoenix alexandrae syn. Ptychosperma alexandrae) is a species of palm in the family Arecaceae, native to central and northern Queensland, Australia. It is also known as Alexandra palm, King palm, and Northern Bangalow palm. Alexander palm is widely cultivated as an ornamental palm in tropical and subtropical regions in the world, and is valued for its graceful appearance, fast-growth, and ease of culture.
Alexander palm grows up to 25 m tall, with a spread of 3-5 m. It is a tall and solitary palm, with light gray, smooth trunk and a swollen base, 30 cm in diameter. The trunk is ringed with prominent leaf scars. The bright green, pinnately leaves are 2 m long, and have a tendency to rotate 90 degrees to expose the whole leaf in profile. The leaflets, 80 cm long and 5 cm wide, are bright green above and a silvery underside, 80 on each side and in the same plane. The white or cream flowers are produced in a 70 cm long inflorescence, which is formed below the crownshaft. The round fruit is 12 mm in diameter, turning bright red at maturity. Alexander palm grows best in full sun and moist, fertile soil. Propagation is by seeds.
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